Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram

Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) is the lead Centre of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) under the Department of Space (DOS), Government of India. The Centre is named in fond memory of Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the great visionary and the father of Indian Space Programme. VSSC pioneers in rocket research and launch vehicle projects of ISRO. The Centre also pursues research and development activities in associated areas like propellants, solid propulsion technology, aerodynamics, aero structural and aero thermal fields, avionics, polymers and composites, guidance, control & simulation, computer and information, mechanical engineering, aerospace mechanisms, vehicle integration and testing, space ordnance, chemicals and materials.

The ongoing programmes at VSSC include launch vehicle projects like Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), Rohini Sounding Rockets and the next generation launcher GSLV MkIII (also known as LVM3) which are all in operational phase. Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) project is gearing up for an autonomous landing experiment and design iterations for an orbital re-entry experiment with a winged body re-entry vehicle is underway. The Air Breathing Propulsion project is preparing for a hypersonic flight with sustained acceleration.

In addition, as part of Gaganyaan, technology elements for Human Spaceflight are being developed including Human Rated Launch Vehicle (HRLV), crew module structure and deceleration system. Recognising the global demand for a low-cost launcher for small satellites, the centre is fast tracking the development of a Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV). VSSC strives to maintain its command in rocketry and satellite launch vehicle design and development.